Lab

Normal Range

Extra Information

Hematology Lab Values

 

RBC* 4.5-5.0 million  
WBC* 5,000-10,000 Neutropenia – <5,000 (increased risk of infection)
Platelets* 200,000-400,000 <20,000 =critical

Thrombocytopenia = low platelet count

Hemoglobin (Hgb)* Females – 12-16
Males – 14-18
Carries O2

 

Hematocrit (Hct)* Females – 37-47
Males – 40-54
Measures RBC production

Hct = ~3x Hgb

Serum Electrolytes Sodium* 135-145  
Potassium* 3.5-5.0 Hypokalemia – muscle weakness, deep tendon hyporeflexia

Hyperkalemia – muscle cramps/ weakness

*** NEVER IV push… max KCl 5-10 mEq/hr

Must be on tele

Calcium* 8.5-10.5 Hypocalcemia
(+) trousseau sign (BP cuff) & (+) Chvostek sign (face twitch)

Hypercalcemia – inc. BP, renal calculi, bounding pulses, dec.LOC

Chloride 95-105  
Magnesium 1.5-2.5 Clotting, neuromuscular activity
Phosphorus 2.5-4.5 Cardiac output, ICF
Chemistry Values Glucose* 70-100  
A1C >6.5-7% diabetes
5.7-6.4%
pre-diabetes
<5.6% healthy
 
Specific Gravity* 1.010-1.030 Hydration status
BUN* 6-22 Increased BUN/Creat. =
Slow kidney fxn
Creatinine* 0.6-1.2
LDH 100-190 Tumor marker
Protein 6.2-8.1 Nutrition status
Albumin 3.4-5.0  
Bilirubin <1.0  
Total Cholesterol* 130-200  
HDL >45 “Good cholesterol”
LDL <110 “Bad cholesterol”
Triglyceride 40-50  
Uric Acid 3.5-7.5 Diet high in purines

Inc. – gout, acidosis, renal failure, DM

Dec. – SIADH

CPK 21-232  
CK-MB* <2.5-3 Myocardial damage markers, in addition to EKG results.

Significant Value

Troponin* <0.01